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دراسة للبنك الدولي هن الجنس الأكثر نزاهة.. النساء في البلدان الديمقراطية أقل فسادًا

أكثراهتمامًا بالصالح العام وزيادة أعدادهن في السلطة يأتي بفوائد مجتمعية أكبر

دراسة للبنك الدولي هن الجنس الأكثر نزاهة.. النساء في البلدان الديمقراطية أقل فسادًا

 

خاص – مسار 24

يعتقد الكثيرون أن النساء أقل فسادا ويتمتعن بمباديء أخلاقية أعلى من الرجال ويرجع ذلك  بسبب القوالب النمطية وجذورها في المجتمع العربي التي تعلم الفتيات الطاعة والهدوء، تلك القوالب النمطية تصنف النساء على أنهن”الجنس الأكثر نزاهة”والأكثر مراعاة للمصلحة العامة.

وعلى صعيد آخر يري البعض في ذلك الاعتقاد تحيزا جنسيا صارخا للنساء، حيث إنه من غير المرجح – أن تقبل المرأة الحصول على رشوة أو تقدم منفعتها الشخصية على المصلحة العامة، لكن الدراسات أثبتت بالفعل أن إشراك النساء في السلطة هو وسيلة فعالة لمحاربة الفساد.

كما أكدت دراسة للبنك الدولي بعنوان (الفساد والمرأة في الحكومة) أن لدى للنساء معايير في السلوك الأخلاقي، ويبدو أنهن أكثراهتماما بالصالح العام، حيث خلصت الدراسة إلى أن ارتفاع معدلات مشاركة الإناث في الحكومة مرتبط بمستويات منخفضة من الفساد، وعليه فإن زيادة أعداد النساء في السلطة يأتي بفوائد مجتمعية أكبر.

تلك الفرضية أثبتتها دراسة من جامعة (رايس) بعنوان “الفساد والجنس والسياق المؤسسي”، حيث جمعت بيانات من بلدان العالم لقياس مدى مشاركة المرأة في الممارسات الفاسدة والتسامح معها في مختلف السياقات. تقول الدراسة إن المرأة في البلدان الديمقراطية ذات مستويات الفساد المنخفضة عموما، أقل عرضة للفساد وأقل احتمالا للتسامح مع الفساد من السياسيين الذكور.

وتشير الدراسة إلى أن النساء قد يشعرن بأنهن أكثر ارتباطا بالأعراف السياسية للمجتمع الذي يعملن فيه، لكنها أكدت أن تجنيد المزيد منهن في السياسة في البلدان الأكثر فسادا لن يقلل من الفساد، حيث يكون تأثيرهن محدودا للغاية، ولكن توظيفهن في الخدمة العامة في البلدان الأقل فسادا قد يقلل بالفعل من الفساد الشامل.

 

 

 

 

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